The Geological Society of the Philippines was organized on VJ Day,
September 2, 1945, amidst the ruins of the newly liberated City of
Manila when a group of geologists (mostly Americans) attached to the
office of the Chief Engineer, GHQ AFPSC, met with a group of Filipino
geologists and mining engineers under the chairmanship of Lt. Col. H. G.
Scherick. Credit for the
initiation of the movement which led to the founding of the Society goes
to Major Robert N. Williams and to Dr. Jose M. Feliciano.
Of the 62 original or charter members, 39 were Americans, one
Australians, and the rest Filipinos.
In this historic meeting the late Dr. Jose . Feliciano, former
head of the Department of Geology and Geography of the University of the
Philippines was unanimously elected first President of the Society, with
Dr. Victoriano Elicaño as Vice President, Mr. Francisco Paguirigan as
Secretary-Treasurer, and Mr. Ramon Abarquez as Editor.
The objectives of the Society are:
(1) to promote the science of geology and allied earth sciences;
(2) to foster the spirit of scientific research; (3) to disseminate
knowledge concerning the geology of the Philippines and the regions
immediately surrounding it; and (4) to protect and maintain a high
professional and ethical standard in the practice of geology amongst its
Soon after its founding the Society set up:
(1) the Quirino A. Abadilla Memorial Library in honor of the late
Director of the Philippines Bureau of Mines, and (2) the F. A. Duggleby
Museum, in honor of a prominent American mining engineer who played an
important role in the promotion and development of the mining industry
in the Islands.
In December 1946 the first issue of “The Philippine
Geologist” the quarterly journal of the Society, came out.
This publication filled the need for a local medium for the
dissemination of information in various fields of geology, mining,
metallurgy in so far as they pertain to the Philippines and the
neighboring areas. The bulk of the articles or scientific papers are voluntarily
contributed by member as well as non-member geologists and engineers
from the government and the private sector.
Despite its inherent handicaps, much of the success of the
publication may be attributed to the tireless efforts of the late Mr.
Jose R. Barcelon who edited it from 1947 to 1953.
In order to conform with the latest trend in publication of
technical papers or bulletins, the Society decide to change in 1959 its
old mimeographed format into a more presentable and handy form.
Moreover, with the new format, funds generated through
advertisements from operating oil and mining companies augmented the
Society funds for printing purposes.
Periodically the Society invites prominent geologists or
engineers as guest speakers in lecture-discussions sponsored by it for
the benefit of members as well as the interested public.
Such lecture-discussions have created much interest in geology
and related earth sciences as indicated by the good attendance during
The Society has gained recognition by scientific institutions
abroad with whom it exchange it exchanges publications.
Foreign libraries feature among the many subscribers to its
official journal, “The Philippine Geologist.”
In addition, the Society also receives yearly numerous
invitations to participate in international conferences held in foreign
The Philippine government has also given due recognition to the
Society when, by legislation, it required that one of the members of the
Commission on Volcanology must come from the Geological Society of the
Philippines. Motivated by
the strong desire to uphold a high standard of geological profession in
the country, the Society sponsored in Congress House Bill 401 and worked
continuously for several years until it was finally enacted and passed
into law last June 19, 1965. Known
as Republic Act 4203, it regulates the practice of the geology
profession in the Philippines. Article
I, Sec. 2 of said law provides that the members of the Board of
Examiners for Geologist shall be appointed by the Geological Society of
In commemoration of its 14th year of existence, the
Society launched its first geological convention in Manila during the
period January 9 – 11, 1958. Delegates
from the geological societies of Japan, Nationalist China, United
States, Australia and Southern Korea attended.
Fifteen papers were read and the discussion created lively
interest on current geological problems.
The Society gained wide support from the different mining
companies thus helping in working the first convention a success.
Distinguished achievement awards were given to Mr. Earl M. Irving
and Mr. Juan S. Teves during the convention.
Conscious of the significance of geology as an effective tool for
accelerating mineral resources development in the country and in line
with the administration’s drive to set-up its various economic
programs, the Society is sponsoring the “2nd Geological
Convention and First Symposium on the Geology of the Mineral Resources
of the Philippines and Neighboring Countries” on January 11 – 14,
1967 which will feature an exchange of ideas and information among
geologists and other earth scientists.
In the late 1966, the Geological Society of the Philippines was
incorporated in order to pursue effectively the different plans and
activities designed toward the attainment of its goals.